Subscribe to our free daily newsletters
  China News  

Subscribe to our free daily newsletters

Five things to know about China's Communist congress
by Staff Writers
Beijing (AFP) Oct 15, 2017

China's Communist Party opens its 19th National Congress on Wednesday, a twice-a-decade political meeting to reshuffle leadership positions.

Here are five questions and answers regarding the opaque selection process:

What's the meeting about?

China's Communist Party has held 18 congresses to fill its leadership ranks since 1921. The party, which has held absolute power since 1949, organises the meetings every five years.

This year, 2,287 delegates from across the country will descend on Beijing in a highly choreographed event to pick members of the 205-person Central Committee.

The committee will name the line-up of the country's anti-graft watchdog, the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI).

It will also select members for the 25-person Politburo and its all-powerful Standing Committee -- the country's highest leadership body comprising just seven people.

The Standing Committee will be unveiled at the end of the congress, which usually lasts about a week.

At the very top, President Xi Jinping is expected to cruise to a second, five-year term as general secretary of the party, like his two immediate predecessors, Hu Jintao and Jiang Zemin.

Xi will speak at the conclave to summarise the country's achievements in the past five years and lay out the direction for the next five.

Who's on the Standing Committee?

The current Standing Committee consists of Xi, Premier Li Keqiang, Zhang Dejiang, Yu Zhengsheng, Liu Yunshan, Wang Qishan, and Zhang Gaoli.

Career bureaucrats who rose through the Communist party ranks over decades, these seven men call the shots in the world's most populous country, each getting one vote on key policy decisions.

As general secretary, Xi reigns supreme, setting the agendas for their frequent, secret meetings.

One other man stands out from the pack: Wang Qishan is Xi's powerful right-hand man and heads the president's sweeping anti-corruption campaign, which has brought down senior and lower-level officials.

Who's leaving?

Since 2002, Standing Committee members aged 68 or above at the time of the party congress have stepped down, abiding by the unwritten rule of a retirement age first employed by then-president Jiang Zemin to dump an ageing rival.

If the informal rule is upheld this year, five out of seven members will step down, leaving only Xi, 64, and Li, 62.

Eleven of the Politburo's 25 politicians are also due to retire.

But there is much speculation that tradition may be broken this year, with some analysts predicting that Wang Qishan will be allowed to stay on despite being 69.

Such a move would allow Xi to keep a close ally. But it would also set a precedent for Xi to remain on the committee at the next congress in 2022, when he turns 69.

Will a successor to Xi emerge?

China's constitution limits the president and premier to two five-year terms, but there are no rules for the duration of party jobs -- where the real power lies -- except a ban on "lifelong tenure".

This has heightened speculation that Xi may try to stay in power in some capacity after 2022, especially since no one has emerged as a clear frontrunner to succeed him.

In late September, former Politburo member and Chongqing party secretary Sun Zhengcai, once seen as a strong contender for a leadership job, was expelled from the Communist ranks after being swept up in Xi's anti-graft campaign.

Chen Miner, who took over Sun's job in Chongqing and served as Xi's propaganda chief in Zhejiang province in the early 2000s, could now get a spot in the higher echelons of power. He is 57.

Another contender is Hu Chunhua, 54, the top official of the prosperous southern province of Guangdong.

Will Xi reign supreme?

Analysts expect Xi to consolidate his power at the congress, confirming his stature as China's most powerful ruler since Deng Xiaoping or even Mao Zedong.

One strong indicator of his elevation into this exclusive pantheon of Chinese leaders would be if his name is added to the party's constitution.

Each Chinese leader since Mao has had one of his personal political philosophies or ideas codified in the constitution.

Jiang's "Three Represents" and Hu's "Scientific Outlook on Development" were both written into the document, but without their names.

Only two philosophies have names attached to them in the Communist commandments: "Mao Zedong Thought" and "Deng Xiaoping Theory".

The official Xinhua news agency said last month that the constitution will be amended during the congress to "reflect the new governance concepts, thoughts and strategies" developed by the Central Committee since the last meeting five years ago.

Hong Kongers must stand up for China, says leader Lam
Hong Kong (AFP) Oct 11, 2017
Hong Kongers have a duty to stand up for China over threats to its sovereignty, the territory's leader Carrie Lam said Wednesday, months after Beijing warned against any challenge to its control over the semi-autonomous city. Lam, making her first policy address since she came to power earlier this year, skirted the subject of political reform as the city's pro-democracy forces contend with ... read more

Related Links
China News from

Thanks for being here;
We need your help. The SpaceDaily news network continues to grow but revenues have never been harder to maintain.

With the rise of Ad Blockers, and Facebook - our traditional revenue sources via quality network advertising continues to decline. And unlike so many other news sites, we don't have a paywall - with those annoying usernames and passwords.

Our news coverage takes time and effort to publish 365 days a year.

If you find our news sites informative and useful then please consider becoming a regular supporter or for now make a one off contribution.

SpaceDaily Contributor
$5 Billed Once

credit card or paypal
SpaceDaily Monthly Supporter
$5 Billed Monthly

paypal only

Comment using your Disqus, Facebook, Google or Twitter login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle

China launches three satellites

Mars probe to carry 13 types of payload on 2020 mission

UN official commends China's role in space cooperation

China's cargo spacecraft separates from Tiangong-2 space lab

Outsiders challenge Chicago school for Nobel economics prize

Researchers look for ancient trade routes at the bottom of the Mediterranean

EU targets China with tough rules on cheap imports

Chinese manufacturing accelerates for second straight month

Trump makes cryptic 'calm before the storm' remark

Philippines hails US as top ally, welcomes war games

Hong Kong lawmaker guilty of desecrating Chinese flag

Trump accepts Duterte's ASEAN summit invite after all

Japan government, TEPCO liable for Fukushima crisis: court

New 'molecular trap' cleans more radioactive waste from nuclear fuel rods

French, Belgian nuke plants vulnerable to attack: Greenpeace

Largest Nuclear Training Center In France Opens Its Doors

Ransomware attacks 'global epidemic', says Europol

Twitter reveals Russia-backed ads ahead of US election

China fines tech firms over online content

Chelsea Manning barred from entering Canada

Japan government, TEPCO liable for Fukushima crisis: court

New 'molecular trap' cleans more radioactive waste from nuclear fuel rods

French, Belgian nuke plants vulnerable to attack: Greenpeace

Largest Nuclear Training Center In France Opens Its Doors

OX2 hands over Ajos wind farm to IKEA Finland

Wind farms in Atlantic could power the world: study

Germany gets economic lift with wind energy

French energy company to build wind power sector in India

Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News

The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2017 - Space Media Network. All websites are published in Australia and are solely subject to Australian law and governed by Fair Use principals for news reporting and research purposes. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA news reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. All articles labeled "by Staff Writers" include reports supplied to Space Media Network by industry news wires, PR agencies, corporate press officers and the like. Such articles are individually curated and edited by Space Media Network staff on the basis of the report's information value to our industry and professional readership. Advertising does not imply endorsement, agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement